Today we are going to discuss about the basic steps of building construction, understanding the basics of building construction helps to construct a building project successfully.
The steps involved in building construction are explained in this post. Seven basic steps in starting a building project when there is a plan to develop a new building.
It is very necessary to have an idea about the start and the end of the building project there may be variations as every project is unique and follows different design and construction process in general.
The basic steps involved in a building project are briefly explained.
The planning in building construction involves three major steps
- Developing the building plan.
- Analysing the finance
- Selecting the construction team
Once the site where the building project is intended to construct has chosen, the expertise of engineers and architects are taken to develop the site and the building plan.
Sometimes an appropriate site is selected after the building layout is prepared, the building plan is developed based on the owner’s requirements and budget.
Once the plan is in hand the finance and total cost is estimated, the structural design details and the material estimates are prepared which help to derive project cost testament to permits and insurance in building construction before starting a building construction.
Permits and insurance in Building Construction
The owner must make sure that one has necessary permits taken to start the construction permits and insurance are obtained from different sources in cities and states a construction work conducted.
Without permits results in project delay or project demolition for huge fines possessing insurance for the required parties helps to save the owner and the contractor.
From here the actual construction process starts based on the site and building plan. Necessary excavations levelling and filling can be undergone to prepare the site.
The necessary excavation for utilities power water and sanitation lines temporary storage facilities are prepared. Mostly the works needed to set up the utilities are prepared; this is followed by an inspection from the government officials
Building structures are generally constructed on concrete foundations based on the soil type and water table level of the area.
The foundation chosen can vary if necessary, soil testing is performed to check the bearing capacity shallow foundations are required for low rise building.
For high-rise building pile foundation is employed, once the foundation is selected the soil is excavated to construct the foundation, it is performed based on the foundation layout.
Form works are placed in the foundation trenches and reinforcement is placed based on the foundation detailing design prepared in the planning stage, the reinforcement works performed by the contractor is periodically checked by the engineer in charge.
The concrete mix of the required proportion is poured to form work and is cured to form the finished foundation.
The superstructure is constructed once the substructure is completed. Generally a framed structure is developed which is later finished with masonry walls adequate windows and exterior doors are placed based on the building plan.
Other works coming under this section is
- Construction of roofs or siding.
- Installation of heating ventilation and air conditioning
- Providing adequate electric and water lines connection
- Providing insulation works as required to protect from lighting.
- Provision of waterproofing to the walls
- Plastering and finishing the walls and surfaces
- Flooring works
- Exterior and interior painting
Once the project is completed the contractor inspects the whole work, one by one and make a punch list.
Those structural units or areas that were not constructed properly or they are below the quality level is listed in the punch list, this is later corrected by the contractor in charge.
Once the project is completed and hand over to the owner, the contractor specifies a warranty period.
Within this period any defects found in building constructed must be fixed and replaced by the contractor in charge. The warranty for materials and appliances is obtained for manufacturers and suppliers.