Types of buildings can be classified based on several criteria such as size, function, construction, style, design, etc.
🔓 Various types of Buildings.
🧩Different groups in which buildings are divided🧵
National Building Code of India (SP: 7–2005) specifies the building as ‘any structure for whatsoever purpose and of whatsoever materials constructed and every part thereof whether used as human habitation or not and includes foundations, plinth, walls, floors, roofs, chimneys, plumbing, and building services, fixed platforms, verandah, balcony cornice or projection, part of a building or anything affixed thereto or any wall enclosing or intended to enclose any land or space and signs and outdoor display structures’. Tents, shamianas, and tarpaulin, shelters are ruled out as buildings.
According to the National Building Code of India (2005), structures are categorized, based upon tenancy, as follows:
Group A: Residential structures
Group B: Educational structures
Group C: Institutional structures
Group D: Assembly structures
Group E: Business structures
Group F: Mercantile structures
Group G: Industrial structures
Group H: Storage structures
Group I: Hazardous structures
🎸1. Group A: Residential Buildings🌀
These are those structures in which sleeping lodging is offered typical domestic functions, with or without cooking or dining or both centers, other than any building categorized under classification C.
Buildings of group A are more subdivided as follows:
🔎(i) Sub-department A-1: Lodging or Rooming Houses.🎹
These consist of any building or group of structures under the very same management, in which different sleeping lodging for an overall of not more than 15 individuals, on either short-term or irreversible basis with or without dining centers, however without cooking centers for people, is supplied. An accommodations or rooming home is categorized as a residence in sub-division A-2 if no space in any of its personal residence systems is leased to more than 3 individuals.
🔎(ii) Sub-department A-2: One or Two Family Private Dwellings.🎹
These consist of any personal residence which is inhabited by members of a single household and has an overall sleeping lodging for not more than 20 individuals. If spaces in a personal residence are leased to outsiders, these need to be for accommodating not more than 3 individuals. If sleeping lodging for more than 20 individuals is supplied in any one domestic building, it needs to be categorized as a building sub-division A-3 or A-4 as the case might be.
🔎(iii) Sub-department A-3: Dormitories.🎹
These consist of any building in which group sleeping lodging is supplied, with or without dining centers, for individuals who are not members of the very same household, in any one space or a series of carefully associated spaces under the joint tenancy and single management, for instance, school and college dorm rooms, trainees and other hostels and military barracks.
🔎(iv) Sub-department A-4: Apartment Houses (Flats).🎹
These consist of any building or structure in which living quarters are offered 3 or more households living individually of each other and with independent cooking centers, for instance, apartment building, estates, and shawls.
🔎(v) Sub-department A-5: Hotels.🎹
These consist of any building or group of structures under single management in which sleeping lodging, with or without dining centers, is offered hire to more than 15 individuals who are mainly short-term, for instance, hotels, inns, clubs, and motels.
🎸2. Group B: Educational Buildings🌀
These consist of any building utilized for school, college, or day-care functions for more than 8 hours weekly including assembly for guideline, education or leisure and which is not covered by Group D.
🎸3. Group C: Institutional Buildings🌀
These consist of any building or part thereof, which is utilized for functions such medical or other treatment or care of individuals experiencing a physical or mental disorder, illness or imperfection; care of babies, convalescents or aged individuals and for chastening or correctional detention in which the liberty of prisoners is limited. Institutional structures generally supply sleeping lodging for the residents.
Buildings under group C are more subdivided as follows:
🔎(i) Sub-department C-1: Hospitals and Sanitaria.🎹
This sub-division consists of any building or group of structures under single management, which is utilized for real estate individuals experiencing physical restrictions since of health or age, for instance, medical facilities, infirmaries, sanitaria, and centers.
🔎(ii) Sub-department C-2: Custodial Institutions.🎹
This sub-division consists of any building or group of structures under single management, which is utilized for the custody and care of individuals such as kids, convalescents, and the aged, for instance, houses for the aged and infirm, convalescent houses and orphanages.
🔎(iii) Sub-department C-3: Penal Institutions.🎹
This sub-division consists of any building or a group of structures under a single management, which is utilized for real estate individuals under restraint, or who are apprehended for chastening or restorative functions, in which the liberty of the prisoners is limited, for instances, prisons, jails, psychological medical facilities, psychological sanitaria, and reformatories.
🎸4. Group D: Assembly Buildings🌀
These consist of any building or part of a building, where a group of individuals gathers or collect for amusement, leisure, social, spiritual, patriotic, civil, travel and comparable function, for instance, theatres, movie homes, assembly halls, auditoria, exhibit halls, museums, skating rinks, gyms, dining establishments, locations of praise, casino, club spaces, traveler stations and terminals of air, surface and marine public transport service, leisure piers, and arena.
Buildings under group D are more subdivided as follows:
🔎(i) Sub-department D-1.🎹
This sub-division consists of any building mainly suggested for theatrical or operatic efficiencies and exhibits and which has actually a raised stage, proscenium drape, fixed or portable surroundings or surroundings loft, lights, movie cubicle, mechanical home appliances or other theatrical devices and devices and which is supplied with fixed seats over 1000 individuals.
🔎(ii) Sub-department D-2.🎹
This sub-division consists of any building mainly suggested for use as explained for sub-division D-1 however with fixed seats for less than 1000 individuals.
🔎(iii) Sub-department D-3.🎹
This sub-division consists of any building, its lobbies, spaces, and other areas linked thereto, mainly planned for assembly of individuals, however, which has no theatrical stage or theatrical and/or cinematographic devices and has lodging for more than 300 individuals, for instance, casino, club, halls for incidental image programs, significant, theatrical or instructional discussion; lectures or other comparable functions, having no theatrical stage other than a raised platform and utilized without irreversible seating plan; art galleries; museums; lecture halls; libraries; traveler terminals and structures utilized for instructional functions for less than 8 hours weekly.
🔎(iv) Sub-department D-4.🎹
This sub-division consists of any building mainly planned for use as explained in sub-division D-3 however with lodging for less than 300 individuals.
🔎(v) Sub-department D-5.🎹
This sub-division consists of any building suggested for outside assembly of individuals not covered by sub-division D-1 to D-4, for instance, grandstands, arena, theme park structures, examining stands and circus camping tents.
🎸5. Group E: Business Buildings🌀
These consist of any building or part of a building, which is utilized for the deal of service (aside from that covered by building in Group F); for the keeping of accounts and records and comparable functions; physicians’ and dental experts’ (unless these are covered by the arrangements of Group C); service centers, such as brand-new stands, lunch counters serving less than 100 individuals, barber stores and appeal parlors. City halls, city centers, court homes, and libraries need to be categorized in this group up until now as the primary function of these is a deal of public service and the keeping of books and records. Minor workplace tenancy incidental to operation is another kind of tenancy that need to be categorized under the pertinent group for primary tenancy.
🎸6. Group F: Mercantile Buildings🌀
These consist of any building or part of a building, which is utilized as stores, shops, markets, for screen and sale of a product, either wholesale or retail. Office, storage, and service centers incidental to the sale of the product and situated in the very same building need to be consisted of under this group. Minor retailing operations in structures mainly suggested for other usages need to be covered by the group under which the primary tenancy is categorized.
🎸7. Group G: Industrial Buildings🌀
These consist of any building or part of a building, or structure in which items or products of all kinds and homes are made, put together or processed, for instance, assembly plants, labs, dry cleaning plants, power plants, pumping stations, smoke homes, gas plants, refineries, dairies, and sawmills.
🎸8. Group H: Storage Buildings🌀
These consist of any building or part of a building, utilized mainly for the storage or safeguarding (consisting of maintenance, processing or repair work incidental to storage) of products, products or product (other than those that include extremely flammable or explosive items or products), automobiles or animals, for instance, storage facilities, freezers, freight depots, transit sheds, shop homes, truck, and marine terminals garages, wall mounts (aside from airplane repair work garages), grain elevators, barns, and stables.
🎸9. Group I: Hazardous Buildings🌀
These consist of any building or part of a building which is utilized for the storage, handling, manufacture or processing of extremely flammable or explosive products or items which are responsible to burn with severe rapidity and/or which produce dangerous fumes or surges; for storage, managing, making or processing which include extremely destructive, hazardous or toxic alkalies, acids or other liquids or chemicals producing flame, fumes and explosive, dangerous, irritant or destructive gases; and for the storage, managing or processing of any product producing explosive mixes of dust or which lead to the department of matter into great particles based on spontaneous ignition.
(a) Storage under the pressure of more than 0.1 N/mm2 and in amounts going beyond 70 m3 of acetylene, hydrogen, illuminating and gas, ammonia, chlorine, phosgene, sulfur dioxide, co2, methyl oxide and all gases based on the surge, fume or hazardous threat;
(b) Storage and handling of harmful and extremely combustible liquids;
(c) Storage and handling of harmful and extremely combustible or explosive products aside from liquids; and
(d) Manufacture of synthetic flowers, artificial leather, ammo, dynamites, and fireworks.